Francisco de Goya

Sermon of Saint Bernardine of Siena (Predicación de San Bernardino de Siena ) (sketch 1)

Clasificación
Sermon of Saint Bernardine of Siena (Predicación de San Bernardino de Siena ) (sketch 1)
Datos Generales
Cronología
1781
Ubicación
Unknown location
Dimensiones
62 x 31 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Ficha: realización/revisión
12 Jan 2010 / 22 Nov 2011
Historia

We know of the existence of two small sketches and another larger one for the altar painting for the Royal Basilica of San Francisco el Grande in Madrid which Goya dedicated to Saint Bernardine of Siena. It is very likely that this version is the small sketch which Goya mentioned in a letter sent on 22 September 1781 to Count Floridablanca informing him of the subject he had chosen for the work. It is also possible that it is the version sent by Goya to Martín Zapater which he mentions in his correspondence with his friend.

It is followed by another sketch of almost exactly the same dimensions whose execution is rather more polished. Both were found to be in the possession of the Marquis of la Torrecilla in Madrid in 1867, and they later passed to the Count of Villagonzalo, also in Madrid. These works have only been on display to the public twice: in Madrid in 1900, and London in 1920. Their current location is unknown.

Análisis artístico

The surviving sketches allow us to study the evolution of Goya's ideas for the composition. We can see that in this sketch the characteristics of the figures were not yet fully defined, although the compositional idea and the inclusion of the star which rests on the head of the saint had already been established. The essential elements of the composition are represented by means of an intense yet simple chiaroscuro. It is reminiscent of Michel-Ange Houasse's Preaching of Saint Francis Regis (Prado Museum, Madrid), to which Goya had access.

Exposiciones
  • Goya 1900
    Ministerio de Instrucción Pública and Bellas Artes
    Madrid
    1900
    consultant editors Aureliano de Beruete, Alejandro Ferrant, Marqués de Pidal and Ricardo Velázquez. May 1900
  • Spanish paintings
    The Royal Academy of Arts
    London
    1920
  • Goya. El Capricho y la Invención. Cuadros de gabinete, bocetos y miniaturas
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1993
    from November 18th 1993 to February 15th 1994. Exhibited also at the Royal Academy of Arts, London, March 18th to June 12th 1994 and The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, July 16th to October 16th 1994, consultant editors Manuela B. Mena Marqués and Juliet Wilson-Bareau
Bibliografía
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    p. 114, cat. 63
    1928-1950
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    pp. 77, 93, cat. 187
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, p. 255, cat. 135
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    Rita de Angelis
    p. 97, cat. 120
    1974
    Rizzoli
  • Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    José Camón Aznar
    vol. I, pp. 165, 166 y p. 283 (il.)
    1980-1982
    Caja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
  • Goya. El capricho y la invención. Cuadros de gabinete, bocetos y miniaturas
    Manuela B. (comisaria) Mena Marqués and Juliet (comisaria) Wilson-Bareau
    pp. 134-136, 347, 348, cat. 11 y p. 135
    1993
    Museo del Prado
Enlaces externos
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