Francisco de Goya

Datos Generales
Cronología
1791 - 1792
Ubicación
The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
262 x 160 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
El Prado National Museum
Ficha: realización/revisión
21 Dec 2009 / 17 Mar 2014
Inventario
66 (P00800)
Historia

See The Wedding.

Análisis artístico

One of a pair of identically sized stretchers that appear on the invoice of the carpenter Alejandro Cittadini was set aside for Young Women with Pitchers. The other stretcher was for the companion piece, The Straw Manikin.

Two girls have just filled some pitchers at the fountain behind them. They each carry one pitcher carefully balanced on their heads and hold the others in their arms. Between them we see an older woman who has been identified as the celestina, or procuress, who is giving some advice to the girl on the left, almost certainly because someone has shown an interest in her. Accompanying the women is a boy wearing a hat and carrying two smaller pitchers in his hands. The figures stand in a rural landscape featuring some architectural elements. In the background are fields and a small mountain range. The ashlars of the wall are very similar to those that we find in the cartoon of The Wedding, which would probably have been flanked by this piece on one side and by The Straw Manikin on the other.

Observing the wall it is just possible to make out an underlying figure over which Goya painted the blocks. This was the third woman, who was filling the pitchers, just as she appears in the sketch. In an x-ray of the painting she is clearly visible.

The interpretation of this painting is closely tied to the other two works mentioned above. If The Wedding is the representation of a marriage of convenience in which the woman says "I do" but then takes anyone by the hand, and The Straw Manikin symbolizes man falling into the hands of woman, Young Women with Pitchers would depict the tempting of man before his fall into the traps set for him by women. This is a theme that Goya was to return to, and which reached its fullest expression in his Caprices series.

Exposiciones
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1996
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
  • Goya. La imagen de la mujer
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    2001
    from October 30th 2001 to February 10th 2002. Exhibitied also at the National Gallery of Art, Washington, March 10th to June 2nd 2002, consultant editor Francisco Calvo Serraller
Bibliografía
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    vol. I, p. 97, cat. 38
    1928-1950
  • Tapices de Goya
    Valentín de Sambricio
    pp. 170-171, 271, cat. 57 y láms. 180-18
    1946
    Patrimonio Nacional
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    pp. 99, 373, cat. 300
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, p. 282, cat. 297
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    Rita de Angelis
    p. 105, cat. 254
    1974
    Rizzoli
  • Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    José Camón Aznar
    vol. II. p. 91
    1980-1982
    Caja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
  • Imagen de Goya
    Valeriano Bozal
    pp. 79-80
    1983
    Lumen
  • Francisco de Goya, cartones y tapices
    José Manuel Arnáiz
    pp. 166, 313, cat. 63C y p. 196 (il.)
    1987
    Espasa Calpe
    Col. Espasa Arte
  • Francisco de Goya. Los cartones para tapices y los comienzos de su carrera en la corte de Madrid
    Janis A. Tomlinson
    pp. 263-268 y p. 262 (il.)
    1987
    Cátedra
    Col. Ensayos de Arte Cátedra
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Juan J. (comisario) Luna
    p. 334, cat. 53 y p. 135 (il.)
    1996
    Museo del Prado
Enlaces externos
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