Francisco de Goya

The Swing (El columpio)

The Swing (El columpio)
Datos Generales
Cronología
1786 - 1787
Ubicación
Private collection
Dimensiones
169 x 100 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
Private collection
Ficha: realización/revisión
26 May 2010 / 31 Jul 2017
Historia

See The Greasy Pole. After belonging to the Duke of Montellano, this work entered a private collection.

This painting cost the Duke and Duchess of Osuna 2,500 reales.

Análisis artístico

For the analysis of the whole series, see The Greasy Pole.

The description for this work read: "3. ...some gypsies amusing themselves, pushing a gypsy girl on a swing with two more sitting watching and playing the guitar, with its corresponding landscape". The landscape that Goya mentions would have been in the vicinity of the Duke and Duchess' property of "El Capricho". Here, a beautiful young woman sits on an improvised swing, the ropes of which are tied to a pair of trees. Nothing seems to indicate that these figures are gypsies, and it has even been suggested that the young woman on the swing could be a portrait of the Duchess of Osuna herself. It was common for people from the upper classes to dress up in the popular clothing of majos and majas, and this is most probably what the artist is representing here. It is an example of the fun and games that the guests of the Osunas would have enjoyed when visiting the country house of Goya's noble patrons.

The painter already used the theme of the swing as a countryside amusement in the tapestry cartoon he painted in 1779 for the antechamber to the bedroom of the Prince and Princess of Asturias in the palace of El Pardo. Returning to the theme here, he pays particular attention to the surrounding landscape, which dominates the painting, reducing the figures down to a smaller scale.

Exposiciones
  • Exposición y venta de los cuadros, esculturas, grabados y otros objetos artísticos de la Casa Duca
    Palacio de la Industria y de las Artes
    Madrid
    1896
    1896
  • Goya 1900
    Ministerio de Instrucción Pública and Bellas Artes
    Madrid
    1900
    consultant editors Aureliano de Beruete, Alejandro Ferrant, Marqués de Pidal and Ricardo Velázquez. May 1900
  • Spanish paintings
    The Royal Academy of Arts
    London
    1920
  • Pinturas de Goya
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1928
    consultant editor Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor. From April to May 1928
  • De Tiépolo à Goya
    Galerie des Beaux-Arts
    Bordeaux
    1956
    consultant editor Gilberte Martin-Méry. From May 7th to July 31st 1956
  • Stora Spanska Mästare
    Nationalmuseum
    Stockholm
    1959
  • Francisco de Goya. IV Centenario de la capitalidad
    organized by Ayuntamiento de Madrid and Dirección General de Bellas Artes at the Casón del Buen Retiro
    Madrid
    1961
    consultant editor Valentín de Sambricio
  • Goya
    Musée Jacquemart-André
    Paris
    1961
    consultant editor Jean-Gabriel Domergue. From December 1961 to February 1962
  • Goya and his times
    The Royal Academy of Arts
    London
    1963
    cat. 66
  • Cuadros de la colección del duque de Montellano
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1965
  • Goya en las colecciones madrileñas
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1983
    consultant editor Enrique Lafuente Ferrari. From April 19th to June 20th 1983
Bibliografía
  • Goya. Composiciones y figuras, t.II
    Aureliano de Beruete Y Moret
    pp. 62-63
    t. II
    1917
    edición compendiada por Francisco Javier Sánchez Cantón: Madrid, Blass, 1928
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    vol. I, p. 195, cat. 155
    1928-1950
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    pp. 79, 96, cat. 249
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, p. 271, cat. 237
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    Rita de Angelis
    p. 101, cat. 187
    1974
    Rizzoli
  • Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    José Camón Aznar
    vol. II, p. 46 y p. 158 (il.)
    1980-1982
    Caja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
  • Goya en las colecciones madrileñas
    Enrique (comisario) Lafuente Ferrari
    p. 140, cat. 14 y p. 141 (il.)
    1983
    Amigos del Museo del Prado
Enlaces externos
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