Francisco de Goya

The Roped Bull (El toro enmaromado)

The Roped Bull (El toro enmaromado)
Datos Generales
Cronología
1793
Ubicación
Private collection, Switzerland
Dimensiones
42 x 31 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on tin
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Undisputed work
Titular
Private collection
Ficha: realización/revisión
27 Apr 2010 / 27 Jun 2017
Historia

This painting arrived at the Royal Academy of Fine Arts of San Fernando, Madrid, in January 1794.

It came from the collection of Francisco Bayeu, subsequently becoming the property of Leonardo Chopinot. It later formed part of the collection of Ceán Bermúdez and then that of the Marquis of La Torrecilla.

Análisis artístico

The scene takes place on the outskirts of a city, which may be Seville given the similarity of the tower shown on the right-hand side to the famous Torre del Oro in that city. Alternatively, it could be a city dreamt up by Goya. Some of the buildings are still under construction, as the scaffolding around the structures on the left-hand side of the composition shows us.

In the foreground, a group of men accompanied by their dogs attempt to capture a bull and have already managed to get a rope fastened around the animal's horns. The bull resists, pulling away with its head whilst two of the dogs jump up at its neck. It is a scene with a certain degree of drama: the bull, whose anguish the artist has captured perfectly, appears to have just knocked down one of the dogs, shown lying sprawled out on the ground.

In the background we can see a cucaña, or greasy pole, which a figure is climbing and is about to reach the top of, under the attentive gaze of a group of people who have gathered to watch the spectacle.

Goya has painted the line of shadow with which the painting is divided in two very distinctly: the first part contains the scene of the bull being roped, and the second shows the drama of the figure climbing the greasy pole. Arranged along this dividing line is a group of five people, all watching the roping of the bull, and one of whom is raising his hands in the air.

The artist has painted the figures in the foreground in much greater detail, depicting everything in the more brightly lit area behind in a more superficial manner and blurring the outlines of the buildings.

For more information, see Bulls in the Meadow.

 

Exposiciones
  • Goya
    Musée Jacquemart-André
    Paris
    1961
    consultant editor Jean-Gabriel Domergue. From December 1961 to February 1962
  • Goya. El Capricho y la Invención. Cuadros de gabinete, bocetos y miniaturas
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1993
    from November 18th 1993 to February 15th 1994. Exhibited also at the Royal Academy of Arts, London, March 18th to June 12th 1994 and The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, July 16th to October 16th 1994, consultant editors Manuela B. Mena Marqués and Juliet Wilson-Bareau
Bibliografía
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    p. 176, cat. 130
    1928-1950
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    p. 169, cat. 318
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, p. 278, cat. 273
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    Rita de Angelis
    p. 106, cat. 270
    1974
    Rizzoli
  • Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    José Camón Aznar
    vol. III, p. 41
    1980-1982
    Caja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
  • Goya, toros y toreros
    Pierre Gassier
    pp. 52, 53, 54 (il.) y 55
    1990
    Ministerio de Cultura, Comunidad de Madrid
  • Goya. El capricho y la invención. Cuadros de gabinete, bocetos y miniaturas
    Manuela B. (comisaria) Mena Marqués and Juliet (comisaria) Wilson-Bareau
    pp. 191, 192, 193 y 194 (il.), cat. 34
    1993
    Museo del Prado
  • “Moors and the Bullfight: History and National Identity in Goya's Tauromaquia”
    Burlington magazine
    Andrew Schulz
    p. 195
    vol. XC, 2
    2008
  • Los mundos de Goya (1746-1828)
    Joan Sureda Pons
    p. 239
    2008
    Lunwerg
Enlaces externos
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