Francisco de Goya

Ferdinand VII at Camp (Fernando VII en un campamento)

Ferdinand VII at Camp (Fernando VII en un campamento)
Datos Generales
Ca. 1815
The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
207 x 140 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
El Prado National Museum
Ficha: realización/revisión
15 Apr 2010 / 15 Sep 2022

Goya (upside-down, in the lower left-hand corner).


This portrait was commissioned by the Madrid School of Civil Engineering through Francisco Javier Mariátegui, head architect for Madrid City Council and Captain of the Royal Civil Engineers Corps. By Royal Order of 14 May 1869 it was sent from said school to the Museum of La Trinidad, and in 1872 it became the property of the Prado Museum.

Análisis artístico

The model for this portrait was almost certainly the painting entitled Ferdinand VII with Robes of State, now also in the collection of the Prado Museum. However, for the subject's face Goya used the studies that he had made for the realization of the equestrian portrait of the king in 1808, just as he would do for all of his portraits of this king, which is why the face is always the same and is always at the same angle.

The monarch appears here in military gala dress, with the blue and white sash of the Order of Charles III and a number of medals. Goya has placed the king in a natural landscape in which, in the background, we see a military camp with tents and horses. This work could be seen as being slightly ironic, given that Ferdinand VII never took part in any military campaign, spending the Spanish War of Independence in the safety of France. According to Margarita Moreno, this painting is reminiscent of other military portraits by Goya, such as that of Godoy, in which we are also made aware of the action taking place before a low horizon.

In terms of technique, we can appreciate a difference between the brushstrokes used for the horses and the tents, which are much looser and freer, and those used on the main figure.

A replica of this work exists in the Army Museum in Madrid.

For further biographical information, see Ferdinand VII.


  • Goya and his times
    The Royal Academy of Arts
    cat. 66
  • Goya
    Palacio de Pedralbes
    from April 12th to June 30th 1977
  • Goya y el espíritu de la Ilustración
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    from October 6th to December 18th 1988. Exhibited also at Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, January 18th to March 26th 1989; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Nueva York, May 9th to July 16th 1989, Madrid curator Manuela B. Mena Marqués, scientific directors Alfonso E. Pérez Sánchez and Eleanor A. Sayre
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
    L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    p. 213, cat. 502
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    p. 297, cat. 1539
  • vol. I, p. 361, cat. 631
    Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
    vol. IV, p. 35
  • PÉREZ SÁNCHEZ, Alfonso E. y SAYRE, Eleanor A. (directores) and MENA, Manuela B. (comisaria)
    Goya y el espíritu de la Ilustración
    MadridMuseo del Prado
    pp. 366, 368 (il.) y 369, cat. 119
  • LUNA, Juan J. (Comisario)
    Goya. 250 Aniversario
    MadridMuseo del Prado
    pp. 244 (il.), 413 y 414, cat. 144
Enlaces externos
Usamos cookies propias y de terceros para mejorar su navegación. Si continua navegando consideramos que acepta el uso de cookies.