- Ca. 1815
- The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
- 207 x 140 cm
- Técnica y soporte
- Oil on canvas
- Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
- Documented work
- El Prado National Museum
- Ficha: realización/revisión
- 15 Apr 2010 / 14 Apr 2021
Goya (upside-down, in the lower left-hand corner).
This portrait was commissioned by the Madrid School of Civil Engineering through Francisco Javier Mariátegui, head architect for Madrid City Council and Captain of the Royal Civil Engineers Corps. By Royal Order of 14 May 1869 it was sent from said school to the Museum of La Trinidad, and in 1872 it became the property of the Prado Museum.
The model for this portrait was almost certainly the painting entitled Ferdinand VII with Robes of State, now also in the collection of the Prado Museum. However, for the subject's face Goya used the studies that he had made for the realization of the equestrian portrait of the king in 1808, just as he would do for all of his portraits of this king, which is why the face is always the same and is always at the same angle.
The monarch appears here in military gala dress, with the blue and white sash of the Order of Charles III and a number of medals. Goya has placed the king in a natural landscape in which, in the background, we see a military camp with tents and horses. This work could be seen as being slightly ironic, given that Ferdinand VII never took part in any military campaign, spending the Spanish War of Independence in the safety of France. According to Margarita Moreno, this painting is reminiscent of other military portraits by Goya, such as that of Godoy, in which we are also made aware of the action taking place before a low horizon.
In terms of technique, we can appreciate a difference between the brushstrokes used for the horses and the tents, which are much looser and freer, and those used on the main figure.
A replica of this work exists in the Army Museum in Madrid.
For further biographical information, see Ferdinand VII.
Goya and his timesThe Royal Academy of ArtsLondon1963cat. 66cat. 106
GoyaPalacio de PedralbesBarcelona1977from April 12th to June 30th 1977cat. 45
Goya y el espíritu de la IlustraciónMuseo Nacional del PradoMadrid1988from October 6th to December 18th 1988. Exhibited also at Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, January 18th to March 26th 1989; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Nueva York, May 9th to July 16th 1989, Madrid curator Manuela B. Mena Marqués, scientific directors Alfonso E. Pérez Sánchez and Eleanor A. Sayrecat. 119
Goya. 250 AniversarioMuseo Nacional del PradoMadrid1996consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996cat. 144
L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 volsParís1928-1950p. 213, cat. 502
Vie et ouvre de Francisco de GoyaParísOffice du livre1970p. 297, cat. 1539
vol. I, p. 361, cat. 631
Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja1980-1982vol. IV, p. 35
Goya y el espíritu de la IlustraciónMadridMuseo del Prado1988pp. 366, 368 (il.) y 369, cat. 119
Goya. 250 AniversarioMadridMuseo del Prado1996pp. 244 (il.), 413 y 414, cat. 144