- Ca. 1808 - 1810
- Marquis of La Romana Collection, Madrid, Spain
- 33 x 57 cm
- Técnica y soporte
- Oil on canvas
- Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
- Documented work
- Marquis of La Romana Collection
- Ficha: realización/revisión
- 11 May 2010 / 07 Sep 2022
The complete series of eleven paintings was acquired from Goya by the Majorcan collector Juan de Salas, father of Dionisia Salas y Boxadors, who was married to Pedro Caro y Sureda (Palma de Mallorca, 1761-Cartaxo, Portugal, 1811), III Marquis of La Romana.
The painting was inherited by its current owners.
In this picture we see a group of people taking shelter and talking inside a cave, where they have lit a fire to keep warm. On the left-hand side of the composition some donkeys are resting and we can see some shearing scissors and pincers for removing horseshoes, in allusion to the profession of these men, who are perhaps cattle dealers. Going by the clothes they are wearing, the men appear to be gypsies, whilst the women, well but somewhat extravagantly dressed, could be prostitutes.
Goya has painted two light sources, which illuminate the lower half of the canvas. The first of them is the natural light streaming in through the mouth of the cave. The second source of light is the fire, so weak that it appears to be going out, located right at the back of the cave.
Goya has built up the figures using light brushstrokes, most visible in the colourful clothes worn by the women. The dark colour of the rock contrasts with the white, thickly applied impasto brushstrokes used to render the light.
Goya 1900Ministerio de Instrucción Pública and Bellas ArtesMadrid1900consultant editors Aureliano de Beruete, Alejandro Ferrant, Marqués de Pidal and Ricardo Velázquez. May 1900cat. 57
Pinturas de GoyaMuseo Nacional del PradoMadrid1928consultant editor Fernando Álvarez de Sotomayor. From April to May 1928cat. 34
Goya. El Capricho y la Invención. Cuadros de gabinete, bocetos y miniaturasMuseo Nacional del PradoMadrid1993from November 18th 1993 to February 15th 1994. Exhibited also at the Royal Academy of Arts, London, March 18th to June 12th 1994 and The Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, July 16th to October 16th 1994, consultant editors Manuela B. Mena Marqués and Juliet Wilson-Bareaucat. 79
Goya: Order and disorderMuseum of Fine ArtsBoston2014cat. 224
L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 volsParís1928-1950p. 227, cat. 193
Vie et ouvre de Francisco de GoyaParísOffice du livre1970p. 263, cat. 920
vol. I, pp. 294, cat. 354
L’opera pittorica completa di GoyaMilanRizzoli1974p. 122, cat. 494
Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.ZaragozaCaja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja1980-1982vol. III, p. 191
Goya. El capricho y la invención. Cuadros de gabinete, bocetos y miniaturasMadridMuseo del Prado1993pp. 282 (il.), 283, 284, 285, 286 y 287,
Goya: Order & DisorderBostonMuseum of Fine Arts Boston Publications2014pp. 321-324