Francisco de Goya

Datos Generales
Cronología
1777
Ubicación
The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
272 x 295 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
El Prado National Museum
Ficha: realización/revisión
01 Jan 2010 / 23 Jun 2016
Inventario
212 (P00769)
Historia

This work forms part of the series of ten cartoons of country themes for tapestries designed to decorate the dining hall of the Prince and Princess of Asturias in the palace of El Pardo. This one was delivered on 3 March 1777.

Around 1856 or 1857, the cartoon was moved from the Royal Tapestry Factory of Santa Bárbara to the Royal Palace in Madrid. On 15 February 1870, it was taken to the Prado Museum under orders given on 18 January and 9 February.

Análisis artístico

This cartoon is of Goya's own invention, something which he himself emphasizes on repeated occasions on the invoices for this first series of independently-made cartoons in order to distance himself from the influence of Francisco Bayeu.

The composition resembles that of The Picnic, the cartoon of the tapestry that is this one's pair, and its dimensions are very similar. It is a landscape based on the different heights of terrain across which the figures are distributed. The Manzanares river acts as a horizontal axis, separating the foreground from the background. In the foreground, two majos and two majas are dancing a seguidilla, whilst other figures either play musical instruments or clap in time to the music.

The setting was identified thanks to the description made by Goya on the invoice. The dome that can be seen at the back on the left belongs to the church of San Francisco el Grande, next to the Royal Palace. On the right, also at the back, over the other side of the river, we can see the grounds of the Casa de Campo. Gassier and Wilson considered this to be, in topographic terms, one of Goya's most convincing landscapes.

In the artist's handling of the paint we see brushstrokes that are more fluid and colours that are more vivid - Goya is finding his own personal style.

There exists a preparatory drawing (rec. no. ?) of the man clapping in time to the music.

Francisco Zapater y Gómez owned a preliminary sketch for this cartoon, which came from his uncle, Martín. This sketch was exhibited in the Hispanic-French Exhibition of Zaragoza (1908) when it was the property of Timoteo Pamplona and is only known thanks to a photograph in the Coyne photographic archive (AHPZ-Government of Aragón), given that the whereabouts of the sketch itself are now unknown.

Exposiciones
  • Goya
    Musée Jacquemart-André
    Paris
    1961
    consultant editor Jean-Gabriel Domergue. From December 1961 to February 1962
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1996
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
  • Goya en Madrid. Cartones para tapices 1775-1794
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    2014
Bibliografía
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    vol. I, p. 61, cat. 2
    1928-1950
  • Tapices de Goya
    Valentín de Sambricio
    pp. 92, 203, cat. 11 y láms. 49-53
    1946
    Patrimonio Nacional
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    pp. 45-46, 75, 85, cat. 74 y 46 (il.)
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. 1, pp. 40-41, 245, cat. 63
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    Rita de Angelis
    p. 94, cat. 70 y lám. I
    1974
    Rizzoli
  • Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    José Camón Aznar
    vol. I, pp. 83, 86
    1980-1982
    Caja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
  • Imagen de Goya
    Valeriano Bozal
    pp. 59, 64, 65
    1983
    Lumen
  • Francisco de Goya, cartones y tapices
    José Manuel Arnáiz
    pp. 72-74, 84, 152, 184, 249, cat. 15C y
    1987
    Espasa Calpe
    Col. Espasa Arte
  • Francisco de Goya. Los cartones para tapices y los comienzos de su carrera en la corte de Madrid
    Janis A. Tomlinson
    pp. 47, 58, 59-62, 89 y p. 60 (il.)
    1987
    Cátedra
    Col. Ensayos de Arte Cátedra
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Juan J. (comisario) Luna
    pp. 287-288, cat. 8 y p. 73 (il.)
    1996
    Museo del Prado
  • Salas del Palacio Real de El Pardo para las que se tejieron tapices sobre cartones de Francisco de Goya: identificación de las habitaciones y ajuste de las obras de Goya en los alzados de las paredes
    in HERRERO CARRETERO, Concha (curator, Tapices y cartones de Goya (catalogue of the exhibition organizated at the Palacio Real de Madrid, from may to june 1996)
    José Luis Sancho
    p. 167 (il.)
    1996
    Patrimonio Nacional, Goya 96, Lunwerg
  • Goya en Madrid. Cartones para tapices 1775-1794
    p. 169
    2014
    Museo Nacional del Prado
Enlaces externos
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