Francisco de Goya

Datos Generales
Cronología
1777
Ubicación
The Prado National Museum. Madrid, Madrid, Spain
Dimensiones
107 x 151 cm
Técnica y soporte
Oil on canvas
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Documented work
Titular
El Prado National Museum
Ficha: realización/revisión
18 Nov 2009 / 05 Jun 2015
Inventario
12 (P00772)
Análisis artístico

The Drinker formed a pair with The Parasol; the tapestries resulting from these cartoons were designed to be hung over the doors on the east side of the dining room.

Executed with a low perspective, taking into account its elevated position above the door, this cartoon shows the main figure drinking from a Catalan wineskin, a detail specified by Goya on the invoice. Next to him sits another young man and behind are three figures who appear to have been included to compensate for the unsteady, greedy drinker, whose silhouette stands out against the blue sky behind. The composition as a whole fits a pyramid structure, with the artist thus distancing himself from the influence of Francisco Bayeu. This work is also of Goya's own invention, as he assures in the paperwork delivered to the Royal Tapestry Factory.

According to Tomlinson's interpretation, who saw in this series of cartoons a moralistic meaning relating to the seven deadly sins, this particular work would represent the sin of gluttony.

The same author also believed that Goya may have taken his inspiration for this piece from the novel El lazarillo de Tormes, which was extremely popular in Spain at the time. We can see a cane, which would allude to the blindness of the drinker, whose gaze is lost in the middle distance, and the young man at his side would be the character of the lazarillo, the blind man's guide, who, with a look of resignation on his face, is eating his simple meal (bread and turnips, as seen in the still life in the foreground) whilst the blind man finishes off the wine without stopping to share any with his companion.

Exposiciones
  • De El Greco a Goya
    Palacio de Bellas Artes
    Mexico D.F.
    1978
    November-December 1978
  • Panorama de la pintura española desde los Reyes Católicos a Goya
    Palacio del Concejo Deliberante
    Buenos Aires
    1980
    organized by Ministerio de Cultura de España
  • Goya
    Nationalmuseum
    Stockholm
    1994
    consultant editors Juan J. Luna and Görel Cavalli-Björkman. From October 7th 1994 to January 8th 1995
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    1996
    consultant editor Juan J. Luna. From March 29th to June 2nd 1996
  • Goya en Madrid. Cartones para tapices 1775-1794
    Museo Nacional del Prado
    Madrid
    2014
Bibliografía
  • L'œuvre peint de Goya. 4 vols
    Xavier Desparmet Fitz-Gerald
    vol. I, p. 64, cat. 5
    1928-1950
  • Tapices de Goya
    Valentín de Sambricio
    pp. 97, 101, 210, cat. 14 y láms. 66-67
    1946
    Patrimonio Nacional
  • Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    Juliet Wilson and Pierre Gassier
    pp. 75, 86, cat. 79
    1970
    Office du livre
  • Goya, 1746 – 1828. Biografía, estudio analítico y catálogo de sus pinturas, 4 vols.
    José Gudiol
    vol. I, p. 245, cat. 68
    1970
    Polígrafa
  • L’opera pittorica completa di Goya
    Rita de Angelis
    pp. 94-95, cat. 74
    1974
    Rizzoli
  • Francisco de Goya, 4 vols.
    José Camón Aznar
    vol. I, pp. 86-87 y p. 116 (il.)
    1980-1982
    Caja de Ahorros de Zaragoza, Aragón y Rioja
  • Francisco de Goya, cartones y tapices
    José Manuel Arnáiz
    pp. 80, 77-78, 152, 190, 256, cat. 18C
    1987
    Espasa Calpe
    Col. Espasa Arte
  • Imagen de Goya
    Valeriano Bozal
    p. 69
    1983
    Lumen
  • Francisco de Goya. Los cartones para tapices y los comienzos de su carrera en la corte de Madrid
    Janis A. Tomlinson
    pp. 70-72, 89 y p. 71 (il.)
    1987
    Cátedra
    Col. Ensayos de Arte Cátedra
  • Goya. 250 Aniversario
    Juan J. (comisario) Luna
    p. 280, cat. 11 y p. 66 (il.)
    1996
    Museo del Prado
  • Salas del Palacio Real de El Pardo para las que se tejieron tapices sobre cartones de Francisco de Goya: identificación de las habitaciones y ajuste de las obras de Goya en los alzados de las paredes
    in HERRERO CARRETERO, Concha (curator, Tapices y cartones de Goya (catalogue of the exhibition organizated at the Palacio Real de Madrid, from may to june 1996)
    José Luis Sancho
    p. 167 (il.)
    1996
    Patrimonio Nacional, Goya 96, Lunwerg
  • Goya en Madrid. Cartones para tapices 1775-1794
    p. 109
    2014
    Museo Nacional del Prado
Enlaces externos
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