Francisco de Goya

Aesop (Esopo)

Clasificación
Aesop (Esopo)
Datos Generales
Cronología
1778
Dimensiones
300 x 215 mm
Técnica y soporte
Etching
Reconocimiento de la autoría de Goya
Undisputed work
Ficha: realización/revisión
10 Nov 2010 / 27 Oct 2022
Inventario
225
Inscripciones

Sacada y gravada del Quadro original de D. Diego Velazquez que existe en el R.l palacio de Madrid; por D. Fran.co Goya Pintor, año de 1778. Representa á Esopo el Fabulador de la estatura natural ("Taken and etched from the original Painting by Don Diego Velázquez which exists in the Royal Palace of Madrid; by Don Francisco Goya, Painter, in the year 1778. Depicting Aesop the Storyteller, life size" at the bottom of the etching).

Historia

See Philip III.

The first edition of this print was made in black ink; the second in greyish-sepia ink; and the third in dark greyish-brown ink. Handwritten on this third-edition print, in the lower right-hand corner, we see the word Merelo.

The work was announced in the Gazeta de Madrid of the 28th July 1778.

Análisis artístico

Velázquez painted this work, now in the Prado Museum in Madrid, in around 1640 to decorate the Torre de la Parada in the hills of El Pardo. It was possibly the companion piece to Menippus, which was also copied in an etching by Goya. Aesop lived between the 7th and 6th centuries BC, starting out as a slave before earning his freedom. Velázquez represents him as an elderly, white-haired man, wearing a tired expression and dressed in a brown smock tied at the waist with a length of white fabric. In one hand he is holding a book, whilst the other is hidden underneath his ragged tunic, by his waist. At his feet we see a stone on which, according to Cesare Ripa (Perugia, 1555- Rome?, 1622), the phlegmatic Aesop would have sat. In the upper right-hand corner appears the word AESOPUS to tell us the identity of the sitter, who would otherwise have remained anonymous.

Goya employs the same method in this etching of the painting by Velázquez as in his image of Menippus. He faithfully copies the scene and concentrates above all on the character's face, with its tired, pensive expression. He even seems to have made the features more dramatic. The drawing that precedes the print shows how Goya had already decided how he was to copy Velázquez's painting, as well as the intensity of the character's face and the hard contrast between light and shadow, aspects which lose a little of their intensity in the final etching.

The name AESOPVS appears in the upper right-hand corner. In an earlier state of the etching, the inscriptions Diego Velazquez and the initials FG also featured, in the lower left- and right-hand corners, respectively. These were later erased, when the title was added for the first edition.

Conservación

The etching plate is conserved in the National Chalcography Museum (cat. 165). It came from the Fondo de Recuperación of 1948 (body created to recover works of art taken out of Spain during the Civil War).

Bibliografía
  • BERUETE Y MONET, Aureliano de
    Goya, grabador
    MadridBlass S.A.
    1918
    cat. 17
  • HARRIS, Tomás
    Goya engravings and lithographs, vol. I y II.
    Oxford, Bruno Cassirer
    1964
    cat. 13
  • GASSIER, Pierre y WILSON, Juliet
    Vie et ouvre de Francisco de Goya
    ParísOffice du livre
    1970
    cat. 101
  • CAMÓN AZNAR, José
    Dibujos y grabados de Goya sobre obras de Velázquez Goya
    Goya100
    Madrid
    1971
    p. 269
  • SANTIAGO, Elena M. (coordinadora)
    Catálogo de las estampas de Goya en la Biblioteca Nacional
    MadridMinisterio de Educación y Cultura, Biblioteca Nacional
    1996
    cat. 26
  • WILSON BAREAU, Juliet
    Goya. In the Norton Simon Museum
    PasadenaNorton Simon Museum
    2016
    p. 32
Enlaces externos
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